About the Economic Evaluation Working Group

The ANH Academy Working Group on Economic Evaluation of Agriculture, Food and Livelihood Strategies for Health and Nutrition

The group on costs and benefits of agrifood strategies for nutrition and health draws on experts using economic methods to evaluate multisectoral strategies to improve diet quality and nutrition outcomes through agricultural development, education and rural development or other nutrition-sensitive strategies.

The role of economic evaluation, whether it is done ex-ante or ex-post, and whether it concerns cost-effectiveness or cost-benefit analysis, is to help guide nutrition policy by identifying which interventions best meet the goals of decision-makers seeking to improve food systems by reducing undernutrition and overconsumption of unhealthy foods, as well as improve the food system to improve nutrition.  Although there is increasing evidence in some domains, there are significant gaps in:

(1) Multisectoral and integrated approaches to improve nutrition,

(2) information and knowledge around the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of interventions that address the marketing, availability and price of healthy and unhealthy foods, and

(3) behavior change communication and social marketing to increase demand for nutritious foods and healthy behaviors.

Ideally, national governments would like to implement the full range of interventions that result in improved health and nutrition, however given constrained budgets; economic evaluation is important for setting priorities.  Identifying how improved information would be used and improving and standardizing the information on costs and consequences (benefits) of scaling up agrifood and integrated strategies to improve health and nutrition, will allow for a more comprehensive approach for comparing individual agrifood interventions or packages and policy levers to address healthy food systems, dietary intake and improved nutritional status. 

The ANH Academy Technical Working Group on Economic Evaluation will assess what type of information on costs and benefits is needed to support agrifood strategies, and identify current and improved methods for generating such information.  The working group will produce a technical brief that will serve as a guide to promote and support economic evaluation of agrifood strategies for nutrition and health.


The Group will focus its work on (1) defining the uses of information on benefits and costs for key stakeholders and (2) providing guidance on economic evaluation methods for a variety of applications.

I.1. Aim      

To advance the knowledge and scientific understanding among the global research community of economic evaluation methods and metrics related to costs and benefits of agrifood strategies for nutrition and health and how these compare with other interventions for addressing health and nutrition problems.

I.2 Objectives

  • To define and understand how evidence on effectiveness, costs and cost-effectiveness are used to inform investments, resource allocations, policies and program design in the agriculture sector, since there are multiple sectors (private, public and civil society) involved in the production, distribution and consumption of agriculture produce.
  • To review current approaches for estimating costs, benefits, cost-efficiency and cost-effectiveness of scaling up agrifood strategies to improve food systems, food environment and nutrition and health outcomes?
  • To produce a summary of current gaps and challenges related to current approaches.
  • To suggest additional approaches that might help quantify the costs and benefits of agrifood strategies, including new/refinements to existing methods that would help make research in this area more robust and/or replicable.
  • To develop a common approach for assessing costs and consequences (benefits) across the range of agrifood strategies to improve agriculture health and nutrition, tailored to different use case scenarios.
  • To identify needs and opportunities for extending research on economic evaluation of agrifood strategies to promote health and nutrition in low and middle income countries


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